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What kinds of mushrooms are there? Can you tell the difference?

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What kinds of mushrooms are there? Can you tell the difference?

Date of release:2018-12-28 Author:Hubei Shengtai Food Co., Ltd. Click:

Mushrooms are common and delicious, not only delicious, but also highly nutritious, and there are many kinds of mushrooms, such as mushrooms, oyster mushrooms, and enoki mushrooms. Today, we will learn about the types of mushrooms.




      Shiitake mushroom, also known as flower mushroom, citron, fragrant letter, fragrant mushroom, mushroom, and citron, is a fruiting body of the genus Camphoraceae. Shiitake mushroom is the world's second largest edible fungus, and it is also one of China's special products. It is known as the “mountain treasure” in the folk. It is a fungus that grows on wood. It is delicious, fragrant and nutritious. The fruiting bodies of the mushrooms are solitary, clustered or clustered, and the fruiting bodies are medium to large. Capsule diameter 5-12cm, sometimes up to 20cm, hemispherical when young, flat to slightly flattened, surface diamond, light brown, dark brown to deep cinnamon, the middle often has dark scales, and the edges are often dirty White hairy or flocculent scales. The flesh is white, slightly thick or thick, fine and scented.

      straw mushroom

      The mushroom is also known as the orchid mushroom and the oyster mushroom. It originated from the Nanhua Temple in Shaoguan, Guangdong. It was cultivated 300 years ago in China. It was introduced into the world by overseas Chinese in the 1930s. It is an important tropical and subtropical mushroom. It is the third largest cultivated edible fungus in the world. The output of straw mushroom in China ranks first in the world, mainly distributed in southern China. The mycelium is colorless and transparent, with different cell lengths, 46-400 μm, average 217 μm, width 6-18 μm, average 10 μm, separated by a septum into multicellular hyphae, spreading branches and intertwined to form a loose mesh. Mycelium.


      The scientific name of Flammulina velutipes, also known as the stalk of the small mushroom, the bacterium, the mushroom, the mushroom, the oyster mushroom, the frozen mushroom, the mushroom, the mushroom, etc., because of its slender handle, like acupuncture, it is called enoki mushroom, It belongs to the genus Aquila, which is a kind of lichens. Flammulina velutipes has a high medicinal therapeutic effect. Flammulina velutipes does not contain chlorophyll, does not have photosynthesis, can not produce carbohydrates, but can grow in the dark environment, must absorb the ready-made organic substances, such as carbohydrate, protein and fat degradation products, from the culture medium, which is saprophytic Is a heterotrophic organism belonging to the basidiomycetes. Flammulina velutipes is a kind of wood saprophytic fungus, which is easy to grow on the dead trunks and stumps of broad-leaved trees such as willow, alfalfa and poplar.


      Tricholoma is a white mushroom of the genus Agaricus that grows on the Mongolian grassland. It is usually grown in a place with sheep bones or sheep dung. It tastes very delicious. Since the Mongolian mushroom specialties were previously exported to the mainland through Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province, Zhangjiakou is a distribution center for Mongolian goods, so it is called “Mouth Mushroom”. Due to its small production volume and high demand, it is expensive and is still the most expensive mushroom in the Chinese market.

      Tea tree mushroom

      Columnar oyster mushroom is a kind of edible and medicinal fungus. The cap is delicate and tender, the handle is crisp, pure and fragrant, delicious and delicious. It is also known as the tea tree mushroom because of the wild dryness of the camellia tree. The columnar oyster mushroom is rich in nutrients, high in protein content, contains a variety of essential amino acids, and is rich in B vitamins and mineral elements such as potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc. The columnar mushroom has the effects of clearing heat, calming the liver, improving eyesight, diuresis and strengthening the spleen. Columnar oyster mushroom is one of the ten rare mushrooms currently available for development. In September 2008, columnar oyster mushroom was brought into space by "Shenqi", which laid the foundation for cultivating new varieties.


      Hericium erinaceus, also known as Hericium, is named for its shape resembling a monkey head. Monkey mushroom, monkey head, and monkey mushroom are traditional Chinese dishes, tender, delicious, delicious and delicious. It is one of the four famous dishes (monkey head, bear's paw, bird's nest, shark's fin). It is known as the "mountain monkey head, sea-flavored shark fin". This fungus family has a furry-like spur on the surface of the bacterium, which is about 1 to 3 cm long. Its fruit body is round and thick. It is white when fresh, and it is light yellow to light brown after drying. The base is narrow or slightly It has a short handle, the upper part is enlarged, and the diameter is 3.5 to 10 cm. It looks like a golden monkey head from afar, so it is called "Herbal Head Mushroom", and it is like a hedgehog, so it is also known as "Hedgehog". Hericium erinaceus is a very delicious mountain treasure. The meat is fresh and tender, and it is delicious and delicious.


      Coprinus comatus, the scientific name is the hairy cobweb, because it is shaped like a chicken leg, the meat is named like chicken, and it has no chicken flavor. It is a rare and rare product with commercial potential developed in recent years. It is known as a rookie in the fungus. ". Coprinus comatus is rich in nutrients, delicious in taste, excellent in taste and high in nutritional value. The child entity is large. The cap is cylindrical, and the edge pleats melt into an ink-like liquid within 40 minutes after the umbrella is opened, and the stipe becomes slender. The cap has a diameter of 3 to 5 cm and a height of 9 to 11 cm. The surface is brown to light brown, and breaks into larger scales as the cap grows. The flesh is white. The stipe is white, cylindrical, slender, and gradually thicker, 7 to 25 cm long, 1 to 2 cm thick, smooth.

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