Hubei Shengtai Food Co.,Ltd.
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The difference between mushrooms and mushrooms
There is no obvious difference between mushrooms and mushrooms from the outside, but the difference between the two is not big. If you want to distinguish between the two, then mushrooms are the collective name, and the mushrooms are just one of the mushrooms. In many places, mushrooms are also called mushrooms. So if the mushroom is a kind of mushroom, what are the mushrooms?
Mushrooms include three kinds of common mushrooms, such as mushroom, mushroom and toon. The three have similar appearances and similar nutritional values, but the quality is different. The flower mushroom is also processed by the special treatment of the mushroom, and the toon is left after the selection of the mushroom and the mushroom, and the quality is second.
Flower mushroom: Flower mushroom is a kind of mushroom in the mushroom, which is the star of the mushroom. The flower mushroom is named after the top surface has a pattern. The top surface of the flower mushroom is light black, the mushroom pattern is blooming, and the white pleat is condensed by processing charcoal fire. The mushroom grows fast in winter, and the colder the weather, especially on snowy days, the higher its yield, the better the quality and the thicker the meat. The flower mushroom can be cooked with fish and meat, and it can also be used with chicken oil and soup.
2, mushrooms: the quality of mushrooms is second only to the flowers. The top surface of the mushroom is black, the pleats of the mushroom are also pale yellow, the meat is thicker, like the copper edging, the meat is relatively tender, the food is crisp and delicious, and the usage is similar to that of the flower mushroom.
3. Toon: Toon is the lowest variety in the mushroom. The toon is all scattered, or most of it is scattered, not so delicate, not too crisp, the quality is much worse than flowers and mushrooms. If the processing is fine, it is light yellow and very thin, so some people call it yellow. The toon is very thin, lighter after drying, and the price is cheaper than mushrooms and mushrooms.
Nutritional value of mushrooms and mushrooms
Above we learned that mushrooms are actually one of the mushrooms, and the nutritional value of the two is the same. So below we understand the nutritional value of mushrooms, but also understand the nutritional value of mushrooms.
And what kind of nutrition do we have for dried shiitake mushrooms that we often eat? Dried shiitake mushrooms accounted for 72%, 13 grams of water per 100 grams of edible parts, 1.8 grams of fat, 54 grams of carbohydrates, 7.8 grams of crude fiber, 4.9 grams of ash, 124 mg of calcium, 415 mg of phosphorus, 25.3 mg of iron, vitamin B1 0.07 mg, vitamin B2 1.13 mg, and niacin 18.9 mg. In addition to water content of 85-90%, the solid mushroom contains 19.9% crude protein, 4% crude fat, 67% soluble nitrogen-free material, 7% crude fiber and 3% ash.
Mushrooms are rich in vitamin D, but vitamin C is very rare, and lacks vitamin A and A. The lentinan polysaccharide contained in the mushroom can enhance the vitality of the helper T cells and enhance the humoral immune function of the human body. A large number of practices have proved that the mushroom has a wide range of cancer prevention and treatment, and has been used for clinical treatment. Mushrooms also contain a variety of vitamins and minerals, which have a great effect on promoting the body's metabolism and improving the body's adaptability. Mushrooms also have therapeutic effects on diabetes, tuberculosis, infectious hepatitis, neuritis, etc., and can also be used for indigestion, constipation, and weight loss. The shiitake mushroom contains a water-soluble umami substance and can be used as a food seasoning, and its main component is a nucleic acid component such as 5'-uranyl acid.
Therapeutic effect of mushrooms and mushrooms
The nutrition and composition of mushrooms and shiitake mushrooms are the same, and they can be said to be the same, so we can think that the therapeutic effects of the two are the same. So what are the therapeutic effects of eating mushrooms or mushrooms on the human body?
1, many ancient books recorded mushrooms "Yiqi is not hungry, cures the wind and breaks the blood and helps the stomach to help." Folks are used to help reduce the induction of acne and measles, and to treat headaches and dizziness.
2, regular consumption of mushrooms to prevent the human body, especially infants due to lack of vitamin D caused by blood phosphorus, blood calcium metabolism disorders caused by rickets, can prevent various mucous membranes and dermatitis.
3. The mushroom polysaccharide in the mushroom can increase the production of T lymphocytes, increase the killing activity of T lymphocytes, and improve the immune function of the body.
4. The water extract of shiitake mushroom has a scavenging effect on hydrogen peroxide, which has a certain elimination effect on hydrogen peroxide in the body and can slow down aging.
5, mushrooms contain sputum, choline, tyrosine, oxidase and some nucleic acid substances, can play a role in lowering blood pressure, lowering cholesterol, lowering blood fat, and can prevent arteriosclerosis, cirrhosis and other diseases.
6. The part of the mushroom cover contains a double-stranded ribonucleic acid. When it enters the human body, it will produce an interferon with anticancer effect, which can prevent cancer.
7, mushrooms also play a therapeutic role in diabetes, tuberculosis, infectious hepatitis, neuritis, etc., but also for indigestion, constipation and so on.
Edible taboos of mushrooms and mushrooms
Whether it is the mushroom or the mushroom we said, we can understand from the above that the nutrient content of both is very rich, and it has certain health effects on the human body after consumption. However, when eating mushrooms or mushrooms, you should pay attention to the following food taboos.
1. Mushrooms are dynamic foods, and patients with refractory pruritus do not eat. Patients with spleen and stomach cold and dampness or skin scraping do not eat.
2, shiitake mushrooms are rich in biochemical substances, and eating with carotenoid-containing tomatoes, will destroy the carotenoids contained in tomatoes, so that the nutritional value is reduced.
3, mushrooms contain vitamin D, river crab is also rich in vitamin D, the two together to eat, the body's vitamin D content is too high, resulting in increased calcium, long-term consumption is likely to cause stone symptoms.
4, mushrooms + clam meat = easy to cause abdominal pain, diarrhea.
5, mushrooms + clam meat, quail eggs = face long black spots.
6, mushrooms + river crab = easy to cause stone symptoms.
7, mushrooms contain vitamin D, river crab is also rich in vitamin D, the two together to eat, the body's vitamin D content is too high, resulting in increased calcium, long-term consumption is likely to cause stone symptoms.
8, mushrooms + tomato = destroy carotenoids, reduce nutritional value.